Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is typically prescribed for couples with unexplained infertility, for mild male factor infertility or for women with cervical mucus problems. This treatment option often includes ovulation induction medications.
IUI is performed at the time of ovulation, and can use the male partner’s or donor sperm. Prior to IUI, the woman should be evaluated for any hormonal imbalance, infection or any structural problems. IUI is performed in our office, and does not require anesthesia.
A semen sample is collected in a container, typically by masturbation. The semen is washed with special media and the sperm are concentrated. A very thin, flexible catheter with the prepared sample is then placed through the woman’s cervix into her uterine cavity. This very brief, painless procedure places all of the motile sperm in the uterine cavity, close to the entrances to the fallopian tubes, where fertilization can take place.