Understanding Infertility

What is infertility?Infertility is defined as not having achieved a pregnancy after one year of unprotected, well-timed intercourse, or if a couple has experienced multiple miscarriages. For women over 35, or for those who have previously conceived, it is appropriate to seek evaluation and treatment after six months of trying. In addition, for women with known ovulation problems, endometriosis or tubal scarring, or if the male partner has a semen analysis that is not normal, it is appropriate to seek medical care sooner. Early detection and treatment of infertility can help achieve a successful pregnancy outcome.

Approximately 35 percent of infertility is due to a female factor and 35 percent is due to a male factor. In the remainder of cases, infertility is caused by problems with both partners, or the cause of infertility cannot be explained.

According to The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 7.3 million Americans, or one in eight couples of childbearing age, are infertile. There are several risk factors that can contribute to problems with male and female fertility, including extreme weight gain or loss, age, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), smoking, and alcohol use.

Medical advances have led to a range of effective treatment options to address both female and male infertility problems. From simple hormonal treatment, ovulation induction and intrauterine insemination (IUI) to the more advanced technologies like in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), or third party reproductive strategies such as surrogacy, donor egg and embryo donation, more and more women and men are achieving parenthood.

At RMA of Philadelphia and Central Pennsylvania, we take a comprehensive, individualized approach to diagnosing and treating infertility. Following a medical evaluation of both partners, a treatment plan is then tailored to specifically address the needs of each patient. At RMA the majority of people seeking fertility care will have a healthy baby.